During World War II the uniformed heads of the U.S. armed services
assumed a pivotal and unprecedented role in the formulation of the
nation's foreign policies. Organized soon after Pearl Harbor as the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, these individuals were officially
responsible only for the nation's military forces. During the war
their functions came to encompass a host of foreign policy
concerns, however, and so powerful did the military voice become on
those issues that only the president exercised a more decisive role
in their outcome.
Drawing on sources that include the unpublished records of the
Joint Chiefs as well as the War, Navy, and State Departments, Mark
Stoler analyzes the wartime rise of military influence in U.S.
foreign policy. He focuses on the evolution of and debates over
U.S. and Allied global strategy. In the process, he examines
military fears regarding America's major allies--Great Britain and
the Soviet Union--and how those fears affected President Franklin
D. Roosevelt's policies, interservice and civil-military relations,
military-academic relations, and postwar national security policy
as well as wartime strategy.