After World War II, an atomic hierarchy emerged in the noncommunist
world. Washington was at the top, followed over time by its NATO
allies and then Israel, with the postcolonial world completely shut
out. An Indian diplomat called the system "nuclear apartheid."
Drawing on recently declassified sources from U.S. and
international archives, Shane Maddock offers the first full-length
study of nuclear apartheid, casting a spotlight on an ideological
outlook that nurtured atomic inequality and established the United
States--in its own mind--as the most legitimate nuclear power.
Beginning with the discovery of fission in 1939 and ending with
George W. Bush's nuclear policy and his preoccupation with the
"axis of evil," Maddock uncovers the deeply ideological
underpinnings of U.S. nuclear policy--an ideology based on American
exceptionalism, irrational faith in the power of technology, and
racial and gender stereotypes. The unintended result of the nuclear
exclusion of nations such as North Korea, Pakistan, and Iran is,
Here is an illuminating look at how an American nuclear policy
based on misguided ideological beliefs has unintentionally paved
the way for an international "wild west" of nuclear development,
dramatically undercutting the goal of nuclear containment and
diminishing U.S. influence in the world.